Module C3 – Career Counselling

Module C3 – Career Counselling

Module C3 relates directly to the European Competence Standards, which are formulated for Career Advisors, Career Professionals, and Career Specialists in the competence domain of Career Counselling.

Cognitive Resources (Knowledge)

  •  Concepts and approaches for resource-oriented counselling
  • Specific approaches and process theories to career counselling/ counselling interview concepts and techniques (e.g. cognitive-behavioural, person-centred approach, systemic counselling, solution-focused counselling, coaching, life designing, narrative approaches, support of self-organisation, information processing methodology, problem management approach)
  • Concepts for structuring interactive communication processes
  • Concepts for supporting the reflexivity and learning processes of clients
  • Theories and empirically proven contemporary knowledge about the use of ICT in career counselling
  • Concepts and approaches for counselling different target groups and for dealing with questions of diversity, age, gender and culture in counselling

Affective Resources (Attitudes, Values, Motivations)

  • Honesty and authenticity in responding to clients’ ideas, narratives and needs
  • Readiness to set one’s own personal concepts of life and work aside in counselling clients (while respecting professional ethical and legal boundaries)
  • Openness towards clients regarding the limitations of one’s personal role, e.g. when offering counselling in legally imposed situations; eagerness to make other interests transparent
    that need to be taken into consideration
  • Willingness to actively listen to clients and to tune in to their situations; empathy; interest in understanding clients’ personal backgrounds, values, emotions, desires, etc.
  • Motivation to empower clients to deal with their situations autonomously; commitment to reinforce and support self-efficacy and the development of positive self-concepts of
    clients; motivation to support clients in developing their problem-solving and decision-making competences

Behavioural Resources (Skills, Techniques)

  • Active listening techniques; giving constructive feedback (in particular: interacting with clients in a way which strengthens them emotionally)
  • Transferring decision making models into the practice of career counselling (normative and non-rational models; approaches to dealing with emotions, conflicts, and uncertainty in career decision making)
  • Counselling techniques for clarifying concerns and requests of clients, for analysing complex problems, for identifying solutions, for identifying and evaluating information, for developing strategies and action plans
  • Developing a joint goal for the counselling process together with the client
  • Making the large variety of clients’ internal and external resources and situational constraints transparent in counselling interviews
  • Observing whether and how the concerns and goals of clients change in the course of the counselling process
  • Preparation for setback and handling post-decision phenomena
  • Using ICT-based solutions in career counselling

Methods of Teaching and Learning (Good Practice Examples)

  • Practicing different techniques and styles of counselling with fellow students (with video-taped role playing)
  • Analysing written counselling interviews; counselling clients (video-taped, or with reports and presentations)
  • Peer reviewing/ collegial supervision of counselling practice
  • Analysing one’s own career development and decisions from the perspective of various theoretical approaches
  • Applying different decision techniques in real-life situations (related to questions of different complexity, not necessarily career decisions)

Methods of Assessment (Good Practice Examples)

  • Presenting and analysing an own career guidance counselling session (video, essay etc.) in the period of practical training
  • Analysing a counselling session based on a rating inventory